Rifle Requirements

1. Do the following:

        a. Explain why BB and pellet air guns must always be treated with the same respect as firearms.

        b. Describe how you would react if a friend visiting your home asked to see your or your family's         firearm(s).

        c. Explain the need for, and use and types of, eye and hearing protection.

        d. Give the main points of the laws for owning and using guns in your community and state.

        e. Explain how hunting is related to the wise use of renewable wildlife resources.

        f. Obtain a copy of the hunting laws for your state. Explain the main points of hunting laws in your state and give any special laws on the use of guns and ammunition.

        g. Identify and explain how you can join or be a part of shooting sports activities.

        h. Explain to your counselor the proper hygienic guidelines used in shooting.

        i. Give your counselor a list of sources that you could contact for information on firearms and their uses.

2. Do ONE of the following options:

Rifle Shooting (Modern Cartridge Type) Option

        a. Identify the three main parts of a rifle, and tell how they function.

        b. Identify and demonstrate the three fundamental rules for safe gun handling.

        c. Identify the two types of cartridges, their parts, and how they function.

        d. Explain to your counselor what a misfire, hangfire, and squib fire are, and explain the procedures to follow in response to each.

        e. Identify and demonstrate the five fundamentals of shooting a rifle safely.

        f. Identify and explain each rule for safe shooting.

        g. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a rifle from the benchrest position or supported prone position while using the five fundamentals of rifle shooting.

        h. Identify the basic safety rules for cleaning a rifle, and identify the materials needed.

        i. Demonstrate how to clean a rifle properly and safely.

        j. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a rifle.

        k. Using a .22 caliber rimfire rifle and shooting from a benchrest or supported prone position at 50 feet, fire five groups (three shots per group) that can be covered by a quarter. Using these targets, explain how to adjust sights to zero a rifle.

        l. Adjust sights to center the group on the target* and fire five groups (five shots per group). According to the target used, each shot in the group must meet the following minimum score: (1) A-32 targets—9; (2) A-17 or TQ-1 targets—7; (3) A-36 targets—5.


Air Rifle Shooting (BB or Pellet) Option

        a. Identify the three main parts of an air rifle, and tell how they function.

        b. Identify and demonstrate the three fundamental rules for safe gun handling.

        c. Identify the two most common types of air rifle ammunition.

        d. Identify and demonstrate the five fundamentals of shooting a rifle safely.

        e. Identify and explain each rule for shooting an air rifle safely.

        f. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a target from the benchrest position or supported prone position while using the five fundamentals of rifle shooting.

        g. Identify the basic safety rules for cleaning an air rifle, and identify the materials needed.

        h. Demonstrate how to clean an air rifle safely.

        i. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting an air rifle.

        j. Using a BB gun or pellet air rifle and shooting from a benchrest or supported prone position at 15 feet for BB guns or 33 feet for air rifles, fire five groups (three shots per group) that can be covered by a quarter.

        k. Adjust sights to center the group on the target and fire five groups (five shots per group). According to the target used, each shot in the group must meet the following minimum score: (1) BB rifle at 15 feet or 5 meters using TQ-5 targets—8; (2) pellet air rifle at 25 feet using TQ-5 targets—8, at 33 feet or 10 meters using AR-1 targets—6.


Muzzleloading Rifle Shooting Option

        a. Give a brief history of the development of muzzleloading rifles.

        b. Identify principal parts of percussion and flintlock rifles and discuss how they function.

        c. Demonstrate and discuss the safe handling of muzzleloading rifles.

        d. Identify the various grades of black powder and their proper use.

        e. Discuss proper safety procedures pertaining to black powder use and storage.

        f. Discuss proper components of a load.

        g. Identify proper procedures and accessories used for loading a muzzleloading rifle.

        h. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a muzzleloading rifle on a range, including range procedures.

        i. Shoot a target with a muzzleloading rifle using the five fundamentals of firing a shot.

        j. Identify the materials needed to clean a muzzleloading rifle safely. Using these materials, demonstrate how to clean a muzzleloading rifle safely.

        k. Identify the causes of a muzzleloading rifle's failure to fire and explain or demonstrate proper correction procedures.

        l. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a muzzleloading rifle.

        m. Using a muzzleloading rifle of .45 or .50 caliber and shooting from a benchrest or supported prone position, fire three groups (three shots per group) at 50 feet that can be covered by the base of a standard-size soft drink can.

        n. Center the group on the target and fire three groups (five shots per group). According to the target used, each shot in the group must meet the following minimum score: (1) at 25 yards using NRA A-23 or NMLRA 50-yard targets—7; (2) at 50 yards using NRA A-25 or NMLRA 100-yard targets—7.


*NOTE: It is not always practical to adjust the sights (e.g., when using a borrowed fixed-sight rifle). For requirement 2(l), you may demonstrate your ability to use the shooting fundamentals by shooting five shot groups (five shots per group) in which all shots can be covered by or touch a quarter and then explain how to adjust the sights to zero the rifle used.

 

 

Shotgun Requirements

1. Do the following:

        a. Explain why BB and pellet air guns must always be treated with the same respect as firearms.

        b. Describe how you would react if a friend visiting your home asked to see your or your family's         firearm(s).

        c. Explain the need for and use and types of eye and hearing protection.

        d. Explain the main points of the laws for owning and using guns in your community and state.

        e. Explain how hunting is related to the wise use of renewable wildlife resources.

        f. Successfully complete a state hunter education course, or obtain a copy of the hunting laws for your state, then do the following.

                1. Explain the main points of hunting laws in your state and give any special laws on the use of guns and ammunition, and

                2. List the kinds of wildlife that can be legally hunted in your state.

        g. Explain to your counselor the proper hygienic guidelines used in shooting.

        h. Identify and explain three shotgun sports. Identify places in your community where you could shoot these sports and explain how you can join or be a part of shooting sports activities.

        i. Give your counselor a list of sources that you could contact for information on firearms and their use.

        j. Do ONE of the following options:

Shotgun Shooting (Modern Shotshell Type) Option

        a. Identify the principal parts of a shotgun, action types, and how they function.

        b. Identify and demonstrate the rules for safely handling a shotgun.

        c. Identify the parts of a shotgun shell and their functions.

        d. Identify the various gauges of shotguns. Explain which one you would pick for use and why.

        e. Identify and explain the fundamentals of safely shooting a shotgun.

        f. Identify and explain each rule for safely shooting a shotgun.

        g. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot moving targets, using the fundamentals of shotgun shooting.

        h. Identify the materials needed to clean a shotgun.

        i. Demonstrate how to clean a shotgun safely.

        j. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a shotgun.

        k. Shooting score required—Hit at least 12 (48 percent) out of 25 targets in two 25-target groups. The two groups need not be shot in consecutive order.

Shooting skill rules:

        * Targets may be thrown by a hand trap, manual mechanical, or on any trap or skeet field. Note: If using a hand trap or manual mechanical trap, the trap operator should be at least five feet to the right and three feet to the rear of the shooter. If throwing left-handed with a hand trap this should be reversed.

        * All targets should be thrown at a reasonable speed and in the same direction.

        * Targets should be generally thrown so as to climb in the air after leaving the trap.

        * Scores may be fired at any time, either in formal competition or in practice.

        * Any gauge shotgun not exceeding 12 gauge may be used.

        * Standard clay targets customarily used for trap and skeet are to be used.

        * Any ammunition, either factory or hand loaded, may be used.

        * Shooters must shoot in rounds of 25. Rounds need not be shot continuously or on the same day (the term "round" refers to a single series of 25 shots).


Muzzle-Loading Shotgun Shooting Option

        a. Discuss a brief history of the development of the muzzle-loading shotgun.

        b. Identify principal parts of percussion and flintlock shotguns and discuss how they function.

        c. Demonstrate and discuss safe handling rules of a muzzle-loading shotgun.

        d. Identify the various grades of black powder and their proper use.

        e. Discuss proper safety procedures pertaining to black powder use and storage.

        f. Discuss proper components of a load.

        g. Identify proper procedures and accessories used for loading a muzzle-loading shotgun.

        h. Demonstrate knowledge, skill, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a muzzle-loading shotgun on a range, including range procedures.

        i. Shoot a moving target with a muzzle-loading shotgun using the five fundamentals of firing the shot.

        j. Identify the materials needed to clean a muzzle-loading shotgun properly and safely.

        k. Demonstrate how to clean a muzzle-loading shotgun safely.

        l. Identify the causes of a muzzle-loading shotgun's failing to fire and explain or demonstrate proper correction procedures.

        m. Discuss what points you would consider if selecting a muzzle-loading shotgun.

        n. Shooting score required—Hit at least five out of 15 targets.

Shooting skill rules:

       *  Targets may be thrown by a hand trap, manual mechanical, or on any trap or skeet field. Note: If using a hand trap or manual mechanical trap, the trap operator should be at least five feet to the right and three feet to the rear of the shooter. If throwing left-handed with a hand trap this should be reversed.

        * All targets should be thrown at a reasonable speed and in the same direction.

        * Targets should be generally thrown so as to climb in the air after leaving the trap.

        * Scores may be fired at any time, either in formal competition or in practice.

        * Any gauge shotgun not exceeding 10 gauge may be used.

        * Standard clay targets customarily used for trap and skeet are to be used.